Wednesday, May 1, 2019

Marriage in Reformed China Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

brotherhood in Reformed China - Essay ExampleIn China, brotherhood reform began in 1949. Womens rights were a personal interest of Mao Zedongs, and a common issue amongst intellectuals. Up until this time logical or forced spousals, concubinage and the inability to get a divorce influenced the lives of many women. Chairman Mao enacted the advanced Marriage Law of 1950 which marked a radical change from existing patriarchal Chinese marriage traditions. Through the marriage law of 1950, everybody in China was given freedom to choose his or her attendant in marriage. However, meeting potential mates especially in the countryside was not easy, hence low chances of getting a marriage partner (Niida, 2010, p.2). There was limited privacy for courtship and in the villages, flirting or close conversation between unmarried women and men was not allowed. Parents usually proposed or chose matches for their daughters and sons. This was because, even with the tonic law, marriages were bet ween families rather than just between individuals. Social classes Social class refers to grouping of people establish on their economic status. In China social class was one of determining factors in 1950s .This is because marriage was taken to be an affair of the two marrying parties and their parents at such(prenominal) a time. Moreover, it was expectation of the hostelry that the two marrying parties came from the same class in terms of social status. In a situation in which the two matches came from different social classes it was expect that the grooms family was of a higher status as compared to brides status. The New Marriage Law, enacted by Mao himself, removed previous restrictions on marriage such as kin prohibitions, in order to further the notion of Free-choice Marriage. Now individuals were free to marry found on their own preference and not the opinion of others, race, social status, occupation or property (Croll, 1981). Furthermore, a significant change was seen in marriages in the1960s since inherited wealth which was a significant externalise was eliminated. This occurred because prior to the law, marriages were often a political or financial alignment between two families, designed to further the interests of both. The changes in law meant that people of varied social classes could marry one another. However, was still expected that the groom should be of a higher social class than the bride. Eventually new criteria for the ideal marriage partner were often socially created based on political consciousness, although relationships and marriages were still sometimes formed on other ideas. Zhitong dahoe or a political and ideological agreement became a sought after lineament in potential relationships. Many magazines and periodicals of the time began supporting the idea that ones better half should theatrical role similar political views, attitude towards work, style of life and quality of thinking. Such philosophies paved the way for wha t anthropologists withdraw heterogamous marriages between people of varying professions like laborers and educated professionals (Croll, 1981). Marriage choice and the establishment of alliances have been attributed to problems of stratification and socio-economic differentiation in China for years. Anthropologists and social theorists differenciate between closed marriage systems that suggest a spouse be chosen from one or more designated socio-economic categories and open marriage system that allow more or less much anything except for incestuous relationships (Watson,

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