Tuesday, December 18, 2018
'solely the comparable has never been accepted in each monastic order of the valet de chambre flat though there be t inclines of such reactive that goes on collide with the curtain including India. Sherry Joseph d atomic number 53 his study made an look for to under jump the Indian Gay and Lesbian sweat by dint of the wider perspectives of identity politics. In an era of rattling and sapphic linguistic ruleization, the homo inside(a) immigrants of Indian subcontinent de spellded in Britain and the verbalises: An agenda in spite of appearance a racist clime different from the agenda imposed by washrag cheerys and lesbians.The bear upon of colonial history and concepts of orientation upon adult male- sensible horizons and perceptions has compete a fundamental role in how non innocence bulk have been definedÃ¢â¬Â¦ Silenced in both second Asian patriarchal societies and the white-hot homo communities in America and europium, the s give awayh Asian m irthfuls and lesbians have had to invent themes, often with new m integritytary value of identification (2228). The identification of aceÃ¢â¬Âs versed behavior is again the product of the western political orientation as the entire West rests on Christian values as their prime ideological moorings.In run colonial era scholars of the empire began to deliberate on a new terminology that can be conveniently used to identify sight non preferring to be hetero internal. Thus came, the term alternate sexualities in the chief(prenominal) as Ã¢â¬Å"an attempt to colonize the cosmopolitan tactile sensation and establish the existence of various expressions of sexualities surrounding scriptures, arts, action histories etc. Ã¢â¬Å"sheep: 2229). VOLVO. 1, ISSUE 5, JUNE 2014 www. manipulability. Mom 41 crimson with such cost the real scenario of comics and lesbians in India is that they breed to be a band of ostracizes group, soci all in ally excluded, and ar opened to homop hobia. fall upon is to a greater extent(prenominal) concerned with the contemptuous view of the clubhouse upon the homosexuals what brought them d cause as a nonage with a degradingly low social respect. He attempts to undo, if non legally approve, mainly homophobia, a ERM that refers to un groundsable panic of the cheerys or lesbians.A subjectivity of piece bes is again center on with an appeal to all that they may in both bearing be treated as compassionatee being the way the third brandish of womens lib vouch for treating women non as a gendered identity, kinda they should be looked at and thought of as valet beings first . A mixture of attitude is the central focus. ItÃ¢â¬Âs a fact that the majority of bulk in any given society ar heterosexual and the identity is based on the pass over heterosexuality.Naturally, wad with same sex behavior atomic number 18 not but a minority, merely similarly practice of such is a taboo, inasmuch as the Judder- Chri stian values and beliefs held that non-procreative sexual acts were a sin against genius and consequently fr beared upon in the culture. This value system make the legal binding on sodomys as a criminal awayence as assistn in the Indian Penal Code (EPIC) Joseph: 2228). The entire humankind is soothe in a suspended state as to its expect on validating courageous weddings on clean worlds and value system.The values be b oldernesss has endurene change over the years especially, after the post stylern scenario of anti essentialist and anti foundational. Gay and lesbian sweat all over the world as caught the management of tribe in general into thinking on the issue seriously. Pre looknt and Founder of the Christian Apolo startics and seek Ministry, Matt Slick feels his concern to write on the subject as: Homosexuals want new(prenominal)(a)s in society to accept them as normal people with normal sexual behavior patterns. They argon working clayey to change moral, socia l, and political opinion to be to a greater extent than in line with what they want.They are not sate to be by themselves. They want separates to accept them as a philosophically, morally, and ideologically valid. They want to change the opinions of people. In short, they want to change society. Therefore, it is necessary to write to the highest stratum some subject that can so drastically affect the moral fabric of this country (Matt Slick. CARR). Attain besides has entangle the same concern for Indian homosexuals. Scriptural accuracy is a permanent existence, yet values prevent changing over era with the multifarious write bring outledge of the world in an ever changing world of ours.Further, Attain is justify in his handling the controversial issues openly in drama as in the West the Journal desire Human eveningts has Justified the cause that: If we are on the right side of one of the greatest social, oral and spiritual issues of our time, past we need to dig f ull-bodied, hold our ground, strengthen our inscription and redouble our efforts, regardless of cost or core on an almost daily basis, the main watercourse media assures us of cardinal things: Just as many conservatives and VOLVO. ISSUE 6 42 traditionalists were on the wrong side of slavery, segregation and womenÃ¢â¬Âs rights, we are on the wrong side of the gay rights issue todayÃ¢â¬Â¦Ã¢â¬Â¦ ( Traditional degenerative arthritis Values) Indian gay and lesbian movement gained ground during ass onward and they have common goals of opting for same sex marital alliance or comparable a living- gather standardised any other heterosexuals. Both of the communities powerfulness be disapproved by the general Indian luck, yet they differ in call of the power relation they occupy or the distance they could ca-ca for themselves.Certainly, gays have greater dominance since they separate overmaster to masculine gender and India is always a male dominant society. Indian lesbian s in the ass were check of the feminist movement further ulterior on the tie is snapped off for the same reason of societal disapproval and homophobia. The active lesbian group like KhakisÃ¢â¬Â in Bombay was initially a part of he feminist movement group, but later on it stopped receiving any communication or cooperation from the later. So, justly lesbianism deserved its legitimate key out in Indian society given the age old unfairness to Indian women.The present status of Indian gay and lesbian groups are rooted to the emergence of south Asian gay and lesbian group publications in Europe and America in ass of which Terrine, Sammie, and Dost were declamatory. Whereas, at present only 3 groups in three metro cities like Bombay, Madras and Delhi are functional with to the lowest degree number of lesbians or women activists in them. Naturally, the lesbian women stand doubly marginals, first by being women and then by being lesbians.Some of them may still be viewed as the marg inals of the marginals who have been forced to be obscure -turned lesbians for being subjected to marital torture, dowry related oppression, sexual violence and so on. Thus, their sexual identification as lesbians is the result of their series of normalization and a time out of political consciousness. The gross normalization of the gay and lesbian alliance occurs from the dichotomy of home sexuality and heterosexuality.The polity of domi earth by the majority to minority, or by the powerful to the powerless has been as old as subjecting Eve to eat the forbidden fruit by Adam and thereby bring the hubris upon the earth. Such prominent dichotomies are black and White races in America, immigrants and natives in Europe and the US, male/ female and so on. Even among women, there are black and white women in the US, upper and lower caste women in India, and other common construct-cutions are based on class, race community all over the the world.The third wave of feminism has some c ommon causality with the gay-lesbian movement. Women are looked as sterile image as married woman or as a shadow to a an. Singletons is not accepted as normal in India. Such situation forces women to go for a marriage of convenience as the case happens in the Do the Needful where Lata and Lapels accepts marriage to maintain the status quo and later on they use the liberty to pursue their own choices .The gay movementÃ¢â¬Âs claim of acquiring fair and equitable treatment as citizens of India is quite tenable and in unison VOLVO. 1 with the member 38(1) of the directive principles of state policies of the constitution of India that states : Ã¢â¬Å"The State shall filtrate to promote the welfare of the people by securing and defend as effectively as it may a social order in which Justice, social, economic and political, shall intercommunicate all the institutions of the populational action-timeÃ¢â¬Â( Directive Principles of State Policy) .Drama functions as an intellectual sap to the society mirroring the material happenings on floor and this particular drama has press outn the arrogate picture of the functioning of all gay people in India. It has economic aided creating to a greater extent tolerance and space for them than it was before. directly itÃ¢â¬Âs common that the gays and lesbians come to keepher from crossways the country to demonstrate their solidarity and a sentience f be unyieldingingness as a community by bestow all assertable supports for one another.Currently, India is on a path of new social and economic reclamation of which class consciousness is replacing caste. Similarly, dominant social groups and structures based on tradition is giving way to differentiations which is again supported by its own handling in a post modern move that goes against any fundamental essentialist. On a unenviable Night in Iambi shows the intensity of gay bang. The understanding of experience is communicated through the pointedness sett ing in which the combination of the silhouette and the indoor present an delimit of the match ofIndian gay people as a whole to the interview. One of the prominent techniques of Attain is to create the dramatic tension which high glitters the depth and breadth of not only a piece but also engages the readers Ã¢â¬Ë consultation into their own attitudinal turmoil to the reality of gentleman experience. Individual talent and dramatic techniques help reel a mindset of people toward more(prenominal) acceptances through a slow process of evolution.It is slow because the impact reverberates into the minds of an audience and the same helps consolidate their rational climb to the vexed issue to be translated into acceptance. AttainÃ¢â¬Âs themes are traditional Indian society and its stick out is to impact upon the gay, lesbian and on any one who is opposed to heterosexual as defined by society. The play is a realistic picture of society as to how does it affect an individual beha vior when one is denied any self expression and hypocrisy is upheld for the interest group of tradition.This leads to the visualization of the character against social expectations and the same interview sherd in On a wet Night in Iambi is haunted by as the national anthem, not as the celebrated Jan Gang, ManÃ¢â¬Â, but as what Makes A Man A ManÃ¢â¬Â (Collected Play: 55). This question teems from his quest for existentialist and as important as the national anthem. Samples is industrious with a dearest of convenience or sham- hit the sack for Samples who only makes an attempt of cope, but his heart is set-aside(p) somewhere else what evokes shardÃ¢â¬Âs laments: Ã¢â¬Å"l careworn a year of my life being a house wife for you and all I get is a kick in the ass!You living organism (56)! shard dis poke outed that Samples was in love with Parkas, but he besides was a wounded lover, for Parkas was more afraid of being banished by the society and hence, distanced himself . fragment loved Samples truly as he enthrone on sinnerÃ¢â¬Â(vermilion) like traditional women ND wore bangles what he broke at a efflorescence of emotion, for what he found is now lost because of Parkas. Shard helped him forget his lost-love with Parkas but hardly could he do that as Parkas kept cropping up to his mind dread(a)ly.Shard could not conceal his frustration of unrequited love with Samples to deepÃ¢â¬Âs catalytic remarks that they must(prenominal) be post to terms of their love -relations: Ã¢â¬Å"If I had a lover, would I be such a bitchy? Ã¢â¬Â Immediately, deeply gets stomach to her natural sense of empathy for the female species saw that: Mimi can call yourself a dog, call yourself a pig, but never, ever insult a femaleÃ¢â¬Â (59). Shard, while suggesting the guard to be compassionless, accepts that the gay people are all shameless, but this comes as his deep protest against such societal taboo upon them. profoundly is more of a flat tire character a s she does not undergo any complex changes of life and performs more like filler, yet she is dynamic in her reply to a conflicting situation which is expressive of her native dialogues, put forward as external dialogues and reactions at various points in the dramatic narrative. ThatÃ¢â¬Âs the reason that she retorts to the example of a bitchy. She o becomes more significative in her plea for an acceptance for gay people.Hence, she as with Shard stands between the deuce categories of round and flat characters in its literary sense; or kind of they are an admixture of these two and hence may be labeled as catalytic character, who help manifest the main or dynamic characters like Samples or performance/Parkas. She pleads for the gay menÃ¢â¬Âs cause more than her own folk of lesbians: Ã¢â¬Å"l am for gay menÃ¢â¬Âs cause. work force deserve only men! (60). A distinct psychological mooring upon which oneÃ¢â¬Âs sexual behavior rests upon is set by the dominant treat of any s ociety.Attain sets a discourse through general language and out-on -the- street characters through distinct mode of sexism. For example, Deeply and Samples never feel any love for each other in a sense of love- reservation. ItÃ¢â¬Âs made clear when Deeply expresses that if Samples were a woman, they could be in a love and the same is reciprocated in opposite terms and finally Deeply asserts: Ã¢â¬Å"If we were heterosexuals, we would be marriedÃ¢â¬Â (65).Deeply feels proud of being a woman: Ã¢â¬Å"Every time I menstruate, I thank beau ideal I am a womanÃ¢â¬Â, the same word are suggested in a different way by Shard to register his contempt for all those who en any space for gay or lesbians: Ã¢â¬Å"Every time I menstruate, I thank God I am not pregnantÃ¢â¬Â (66). Samples in the conference of his gay and lesbian friends is obsessed with his lost love and separation with Parkas and in turn he makes ShardÃ¢â¬Âs life miserable. In other words, dupe turns into victimizer.Parka s, at the initial stage of the drama is a victim of social pressure what is made clear in the words of Samples himself: Ã¢â¬Å"He left me because he was ashamed of our relationshipÃ¢â¬Â (69). Samples was visiting a prejudiced psychiatrist to get rid of his printing but the psychiatrist plunged him into a worse situation out of his own abomination of such gay people, for he believed only in aversion therapy which brought further depression to Samples as he VOLVO. 1 45 recalls: Ã¢â¬Å"Until he said I would never be laughing(prenominal) as a gay man.It is impossible to change society, he said, but it may be possible for you to reorient yourselfÃ¢â¬Â (69). Arrant termed the doctorÃ¢â¬Âs droll and homophobic view as primitive idea. In fact, the society is the great barrier what AttainÃ¢â¬Âs dramatic technique and making of the characters unravel as an anti-venom against a venom of hatred for all these people who are trundling to be accepted as human beings and human dignity i n the society. Bunny, the TV actor, too has experienced the same treatment of homophobia and non acceptance as gay.While all the gay friends assembled at SamplesÃ¢â¬Âs residency to sympathize with the tragedy of Samples, Sheehan unison was pouring in. They show their antipathy by turning on CD player, for they are anguished as no such celebrations are solemnizes for them and hence, such rituals or music is, ill-gotten hot airÃ¢â¬Â (73) for them. Here, one contrast is shown: one marriage is going on with social enjoyment amid colors and USIA down stairs and upstairs flatcar is witnessing a break up of a gay marriage with the chanting of parallel mantra: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Â¦This city and God are witness to my vow , I break all ties with ParkasÃ¢â¬Â(73). Love for each other for these two friends is so strong that Samples could not tear up the Joint crack with Parkas symbolizing their conjugal relationship. From the chronological sequence of separation between these two friends begins the tragedy of account book, a dear sister of Samples himself. She was introduced to Deed by Samples since quad years.The fabrication at SamplesÃ¢â¬Âs flat upstairs in practise l, is the hot bed of making ND breaking all gay relationship and the trauma they bear silently throughout their lives. account book came to know for the first time in that gathering that her brother is being treated for depression. When she goes to the bedroom to get out her fitings she is visible to the audience that she was placing a photo on the side table indicating not only her knowledge of the relationship of her brother, but also as a powerful symbol of her ensuing tragic course of life.All the three Acts are three in one. Psychic turmoil of all the characters, their pleasure and pain, frustration and evolve against the society are balanced placing them in the silhouette and the see show of the stage setting. This collocation of interior and the exterior or the front and the back sta ge against each other is to create a deep impression on the audienceÃ¢â¬Â s mind as to the conflicts that goes in their consciousness, yet how they defend to reconcile with the stern reality of society- a reality divorced from free expression and fair play.Samples the main character of the drama is brought in the Act II with brilliant dramatic technique in which he walks by Deed at the lonely jet at round 8. 30 PM, yet not visible to the audience. He has throttled a few pegs to get rid of his depression and he divulges the fact of his glide slope to the park as to let someone know his story before he ends his life by committing suicide. Someone deally listens to his story (history? ) who, in turn, is the study cause of such wretched condition of life. complaisant paranoia is what churning Deed as he was a olive-sized more reactive to peopleÃ¢â¬Âs question somewhat his gay relationship with Parkas that turned him into hyper prompt against any social threat from any quar ter. Samples struggles or visibility of such relationship against the blind esthesia of average people: Ã¢â¬Å"They canÃ¢â¬Ât see us at all, although we can see them. They must be blindÃ¢â¬Â (81). Then, Samples asks Deed to close his eyes, stand behind him and kiss gently to discover: Ã¢â¬Å" dismiss you see how beautiful we areÃ¢â¬Â (82)?Through long pause and silence after this warmth of pinch of the two old lovers, attenuation light, slow music and then SamplesÃ¢â¬Âs appearance on front show of the stage to Join the gathering of his friends of Act I while the light reappears to create a sense of change of time and space, is a dependent technique of creating two distinct mental spaces into the minds of the audience: to recreate the subtlety of ghosts of these two men off the glare of the eachday world in their minds and the muddy intercourse of the same world under the visibility of everyone in which hardly they could feel proud of and well-to-do with what they are all about.Surreptitious orchestration of pause and silence, music, light are fag oute to heighten their speed of the stream consciousness natural to all human beings. Social pressure is so enormous that DeedÃ¢â¬Âs psychiatrist could convince him that is love is the work of a devil and through regular church going alone could absolve him of such devil. Samples also believes it and so he wants to avoid showing the photograph of their love making to his own sister, rule book, who is now going to be married with Deed. On the other hand Arrant, an European immigrant, is contrasted with his Indian counter parts of gay community.In Europe he has greater freedom of being reliable to his sexual behavior but in India he might not expect the same degree of freedom: Ã¢â¬Å"There is such a thing as honesty. Or maybe it is the company you keep. Or maybe the company I am inÃ¢â¬Â (88). Further Arrant is perturbed seeing closet homosexualsÃ¢â¬Â in India and he regrets being an Indian on gro unds of his vantage point of Western immigration. His averment to Bunny echoes the shifting subject of spirituality in Indian society: Ã¢â¬Å"l canÃ¢â¬Ât seem to be both Indian and gay. still you are simply ashamed. All this sham is to cover up your shame (88).The hypocrisy of Indian society is again substantiated through BunnyÃ¢â¬Âs character. He belongs to Sikh community, yet he avoids wearing a turban as he would be subjected to stereotypical role of being a Seaward . The characters are designed skillfully representing every type and category of India gay and lesbian people on stage in an effort to producing a gay atmosphere within an hour or two to show what India is passing through presently. The real plight of this marginals community is made clear in exact terms through DeeplyÃ¢â¬Âs words that it is more fear of being ostracizes or a subject of homophobia than any stigma of shame attached to them.Basic human dignity is at stake for all these people in general. Being woman and lesbian is more pathetic in India when Deeply makes it pretty cheap and clear: Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬Âs not shame, is it? With us? ItÃ¢â¬Âs fearÃ¢â¬Â¦ Of the VOLVO. 1 47 corners we will be pushed into where we donÃ¢â¬Ât want to beÃ¢â¬Â (89). AttainÃ¢â¬Âs effort has been to widen this corner of Indian society to make it at least as large as to accommodate these innocent master of ceremonies citizens of a sovereign country, known for its age old tolerance and universal acceptance.Of course, India as a nation could be described in no offend terms than the first address at the world parliament of religion at Chicago by Swami Vaccinated: Ã¢â¬Å"l am proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religions and all nations of the earthÃ¢â¬Â (Vaccinated: 3). Naturally, Attain has every reason as an artist to reinstate the glory of this great nation by upholding the cause of the marginal people toward greater tolerance and acceptance for all. Equally fluctuating is the condition of ShardÃ¢â¬Âs mind after being broken from Samples.He too wants to force his way to be straight , to be a real man only to be accepted by the society, even though he knows deep down within himself that he is as gay as a gooseÃ¢â¬Â and seeks the advice of a psychiatrist only to necessitate a fresh misery in his life. Koran still thinks wishfully of a expert baffle between her brother and Shard as she recalls her own life of solitude after divorce. She also warns about the gravity of misery a woman undergoes in this country Just because of male dominance.ShardÃ¢â¬Âs closing to act like a straight might shatter a womanÃ¢â¬Âs life: Ã¢â¬Å"And think of the poor woman. You may end up marrying Just as a cover up for your shameÃ¢â¬Â (102). Bunny accepts that he is a gay man and keeps deceiving people through his constant defensive structure and in the process all such gay people vacillates between the world of reality and the wor ld of sham, finding no permanent anchor to cut across with fullness of heart. The last scene of Act paraplegic lays bare the absurdity of life of all the gay people on stage who are illustration of entire gay community.Deed is the most pathetic character not only for Deeply, but also for every viewer or reader the way he has shattered the lives of Samples and Koran. He also could not outride immune to this wretched condition of life as a closure look and a psychological delving into his character reveals that he is more sinned against than sinning. His very conclusion of marrying Koran was a matter of convenience so that he could continue his love for Samples without any mistrust from any one. Certainly, in the process he could proceed one life at the cost of the other and the other is a woman.Koran, while looking at the photograph of Deed and Samples kissing each other, cries out through the open window leading to the empty sad sky of Bombay. She must have snarl the void of the sky more than anyone else who has not passed through the tormenting labyrinth of life like hers. She is that subaltern woman, erudite to tolerate torture and untold suffering. She remembers her past life as to how she used to be beaten up by her husband ND still she keep to accept and digest all these as she believed and mat that he loved her: Ã¢â¬Å"l felt he loved me enough to want to hurt meÃ¢â¬Â (107).She questions DeedÃ¢â¬Âs motive of marrying her and the answer comes out as her dramatic monologue that all such gay people behave in a stereotypical manner VOLVO. 1 as Ã¢â¬Å"we Just donÃ¢â¬Ât know what else to beÃ¢â¬Â (107) ! The imagery of the photograph with Deed as the best couple on the floor that appears in her mind matches with the vacuous blue sky to condense the absurdity of her life. The explosion of fireworks, non-white sights and loud screams of delight from the ground floor heightens the inner turmoil of a saddest thought, perhaps churning an existe ntial plight in her mind.Deed in utter shame and disgust for life is completely broken down: Ã¢â¬Å"Where do I begin? How do I begin to liveÃ¢â¬Â (111)? All the characters on stage are suddenly plunged into existential dilemma in the world of uncertainty and absurdity of life. The height of the dilemma in the last scene is accentuated by more firecrackers and lusty yells from the wedding below. Lights are slowly fading to beckon the void while the pictures of Deed and Samples and Koran ND Samples are slowly evanescent from the minds of the audience before it is completely engulfed into darkness.The stage setting and impression of the pathos of the characters, here, Just reminds one the most exact definition of short story by arbitrement Ãâ°tagÃÂ¨re: Simple events of life happy or sad, Some sad strings from the originate of forgetfulness, Not fraught with heavy descriptions, Not crowd with events, No advice, no philosophy Only the feeling that the story is not yet over Altho ugh there is no more to read! (Bangladesh) Conclusion: The pantywaist characters representing both the gays and lesbians of urban diddle class India undergo a tortuous Journey of visualization receivable to homophobia and social boycott of such people.Attain has been true to his work as a dramatist to show their painful odyssey of modern India, yet how the issue escapes the thinking mass to be considered for an acceptance and a right place in the society. ItÃ¢â¬Âs rightly an odyssey as the victims at times turn into victimizers; thereby bringing upon them a series of miseries, little knowing what exactly ails them. The dramatist has won the heart of every one by bringing this cause of ailment, the whole truth of it, on stage with all sincerity of purpose.\r\n'