Tuesday, April 2, 2019
The Purpose Of Research In Social Work Social Work Essay
The Purpose Of look In Social Work Social Work EssayThis judge will focus on how EBP and physical exertion wisdom should be unite and non seen as opposing opposites as together they collapse colossal rate for social train hold. Also some(prenominal) should determine the practitioners finish making processes in invest beca wasting disease failing to do so could in truth be oppressive to both service users and practitioners. Also this integrating could urge on and encourage the use of look into amongst social operation practitioners in solar day to day confide.EBP in social work has been implemented at a slow pace and has not been greatly embraced and quantifyd by practitioners (McNeill, 2006 Pignotti and Thyer, 2009 Mitchell 2011, Nevo and Nevo, 2011). Epstein (2011) highlights how practitioners rich person voiced that they resent EBP as it presents as a threat to their indecorum and creativity. This idea of EB k outrightledge solely determining dedicate could be perceive by practitioners as disempowering. An approach that devalues enforce wisdom and victor judging in favour of objective, manualised, and empirically supported interventions (Webb, 2001 Nevo and Nevo, 2011) can be seen to vitiate professional autonomy as it places post of science over the authority of the practitioner (Nevo and Nevo, 2011). Furthermore it can actually be seen to oppress practitioners as it seems to be controlling their ending making process that may very much conflict with their shape wisdom. An approach that alongside EB k outrightledge also embraced design based k directledge may be of more use and value to practitioners and may be more likely to be apply in make out as it detaches EBP from its solely scientific and thus its oppressive nature.It is now increasingly being recognised in the EBP literature that social work values and practitioner wisdom need to be integrated with rule til now this integration is often unclear (Epstein, 2009 Mitch ell, 2011 Nevo and Nevo, 2011). A shift towards narrate communicate practice (EIP) rather than deduction based practice is now being recognised (Epstein, 2009 Haight, 2010 Nevo and Nevo, 2011). notwithstanding practice is wisdom is still not ac friendshipd amongst some EIP advocates for example Haight (2010) but is greatly valued amongst others such(prenominal) as Nevo and Nevo (2011).Stoesz (2010) argues that the social work profession is too subjective and reflex(a) and argues that only when scientific evidence is unsayable and honest as anything else could be depriving an individual of effective treatment (Stoesz, 2010 Gambrill, 2010). Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) be seen to provide bullion standard evidence for practice to be based on. Qualitative explore and practice wisdom or clinical judgments are valued the least(prenominal) as are less scientific (Corby, 2006 Epstein, 2002 Dodd and Epstein, 2012). Epstein (2009) rejects the use of RCTs on ethical grounds as the methodology deprives the one group of intervention. RCTs may have value for inquiry findings and in turn practice but its search methodology is unethical to some service users.Ethics is of great grandness within social work as it is of importance that social workers be ethical professionals and work anti oppressively. And also be guided by research (Nevo and Nevo, 2011). BASW (2012) code of ethics states that evidence informed knowledge derived from research and practice military rank is the basis of methodology in social work. However if practitioners are not using EB knowledge and are using only practice wisdom this could be depriving service users from an effective treatment and is not integrating evidence into practice. What would be of more value is to encourage and accept EB knowledge and practice wisdom so that not one or the other, but both are valued and used by practitioners so that research is being incorporated into and informing social work practice as BASW (2 012) states. Also BASW (2012) states that knowledge should also come from practice evaluation and quotations acknowledging context but does not mention practice wisdom. This evidence informed approach whereby acknowledging being specific to context but that does not mention practice wisdom is similar to EIP advocated by Haight (2010).To ignore the existence of practice based wisdom and its perceived value by practitioners in influencing their finale making process will only further limit the potential of integrating EB research into practice.McNeill (2006) highlights how practitioners decision making is not driven by research findings, even when provided with evidence of intervention effectiveness. Gambrill (2006) acknowledges how in social work practice a number of unsupported interventions are conventionally used and accepted in practice that are based on professional authority and clinical experience and not research evidence. Pignotti and Thyer (2009) concluded that sightly because social workers valued and used EBP interventions they also valued and used clean unsupported therapies (NUTs) in practice.This could suggest that practice wisdom is valued in the decision making process and could be of priority even when provided with evidence of an interventions effectiveness (Gambrill, 2006 McNeill, 2006). It also could suggest that both EBP and practice wisdom are also co-existing in the decision making process in practice (Pignotti and Thyer, 2009). Pignotti and Thyer (2009) highlights how little is known about why social work practitioners exact NUTs. Similar Research could be of value in potentially identifying how perform wisdom as well as EB knowledge together both are being used and are of value to practice.Mitchell (2011) illustrates how the sole use of EBP had limited valuable application in real world practice. Mitchell (2011) constitute that when attempting to implement EB services for young people with complex needs, this was limited withou t the integration of practice wisdom. As most research focuses on a ace disorder or problem it is difficult to implement such research when faced with complex factors that interact in complex ways in real world settings. Also it could be seen as unethical and oppressive to arrange and reduce mankind beings using solely scientific EB interventions. Corby (2006) states how human beings are too complex to assume a one size of it perishs all approach. In such complex cases as encountered by Mitchell (2001) practice wisdom and EBP were integrated in order to make a decision based not only on evidence but of relevancy to the case at hand. Fook (2012) describes how a reflective practitioner situates themselves and their knowledge in the specific context of a situation, looking at the situation as a whole and in relation to their own experiences. Although the term of practice wisdom is not used this seems to reflect some of the nature of practice wisdom and how it can be of use to each individual case. With expulsion of their own experiences Fook (2012) also seems to reflect BASW (2012) concerning Evidence informed knowledge.It seems to be now increasingly acknowledged that practitioners are not passive recipients or implementers of information, however in addition to this practice based wisdom should also be acknowledged as of value. The understanding of the processes of how EB knowledge and practice based knowledge are integrated into practice is of importance to the purpose of research in social work. The integration of research and practice may then be of perceived value to practitioners.One of Mitchells (2011) main arguments was that the main barriers to implementation and value of EBP in real world practice is the oppositional construction that remains concerning EBP verses practice based wisdom.Fook (2012) describes the notion of divided thinking whereby most phenomena are seen to fit into binary and oppositional categories, with one being devalued in rel ation to the other. This dichotomous thinking appears to be occurring within social work research and practice in relation to EBP and practice wisdom.