The soberness movement of the nineteenth and early(a) twentieth centuries was an organized campaign to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press for complete abstinence. The movements ranks were in the main filled by women who, with their children, had endured the effect of uncontrolled drinking by galore(postnominal) of their husbands. These organizations used many arguments to convince their countrymen of the evils of alcohol. They argued that alcohol was a cause of poverty. They said that inebriated workers often lost their jobs; or that they would spend their wages on alcohol instead of their homes and families. hands spent m iodiney on alcohol that their families needed for elementary necessities, and drunken husbands often abuse their wives and children (American History, A Survey, Alan Brinkley, PG 32,7 2003). The abstemiousness societies to a fault claimed that drinking led to hell. abstemiousness supporters argued that alcohol produ ced insanity and crime. It destroy families, hurting women and children. They claimed that drunkenness was a worse evil than slavery. The temperance movement continued into the 20th century, when it would achieve its greatest achievement; the 18th Amendment to the Constitution, the prohibition of the industry and sale of alcohol in the United States.\nProducing a form of universal upbringing became one of the outstanding movements of the mid 19th century. Horace Mann, the greatest of the educational reformers, was the first secretary of the mamma mount of Education. He used his side of meat to enact major educational reform. He spearheaded the Common inform Movement, ensuring that every child could chance a basic education funded by local taxes. Mann reorganized the Massachusetts school system, elongate the academic year, doubled teachers salaries, enriched the platform and introduced new methods of professional homework for teachers (American History, A Survey, Alan Br inkley, PG 330, 2003). His influence before long spread beyond Massachusetts as more states took up the idea of universal schooling.\nDorothea Dix, an counsellor for treating the mentally ill humanely fought for better treatment of mentally ill persons. Dix spent a few years studying the conditions in prison and kooky asylums in Massachusetts. She discovered that a large number of people suffering from mental malady were moderate in prisons and were receiving no medical treatment. Even in mental asylums the patients were often confined in cages and bound with ropes and chains....If you urgency to get a affluent essay, order it on our website:
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