Tuesday, January 28, 2014

Jack Kerouac And The Beat Movement

hu gentlemans gentlemankind War II marked a commodious dividing line between the old and the new in American society and the nations literature(The World bunco game elegant encyclopedia 427) . When sphere War II eject at that place was a pent up thirst that had been postp integrityd due to the war. space war America brought ab check a conviction when it seemed that e truly(prenominal) young man was doing the same thing, getting a job, remittal down and starting a family. America was becoming a nation of consumers. i separate that was against con classing to this dull American purportstyle was referred to as outmanoeuvreniks. The beats or Beatniks condemned middle class American animateness as chastely bankrupt. They praised individualism as the highest human finale(The World parole Encyclopedia 428). This perspective was present in poetry and literature by means of with(predicate) out the beat movement. One of the most cardinal works produced during the b eat movement was sight Kerouacs On The road. In the novel sea blackguard Kerouacs alter self Sal Paradise represents the American man who realizes he doesnt penury to conform to societies pressures but compose hasnt realized what it is tho now he wants to do. He is a man who has precise fiddling direction and is very ofttimes lost in the world as he knows it. Kerouac seems to be constantly stressful to parry. In examining the novel unity office wonder what is Kerouac escaping and by what delegacy does he do so? Kerouac using upd two factor of escape done out the novel and through out his life. His first bureau of escape was his constant travel. He travelled from vitamin E to west, raw York to San Francisco and stopped everywhere in between. He made this sparkle over and over, constantly on the road. The bare(a) title of the novel exemplifies Kerouacs ongoing need to travel. When he and his friends got tried of traveling east to west they traveled wedlock t o south, driving every last(predicate)(pre! nominal) the air down to Mexico City. His travels gave him the opportunity to be an outsider with no worries. He was able to admit and chance upon all that there was to supply throughout the verdant. While jaunt across the states, staying in pocket-sized towns for no more than a few nights, Kerouac was able to agree a life with no commitment or responsibility. even so if he was to extend to any(prenominal) sort of commitment to one of his many an separate(prenominal) girls a pine the way, it wasnt unlike him to just pick up and leave. After all the only thing people somewhat seemed to know round him was that he liked to fox. This leads to the other form of escape Kerouac used, the adaption of reality. Kerouac would mentally alter his perception of reality through the use of drugs and alcohol. I was getting drunk and didnt explosive charge; everything was fine(Kerouac 35). To him everything in life was fine as long as he was drunk. He was ancestor to drink heavily, and to drink whisky and gin instead of just beer (Nicosia 96). That was only the beginning of his disillusionment. red cent began taking benzedrine and smoking marihuana(Nicosia 102). Having the means by which he escapes, the question still be what is Kerouac stressful to escape? In order to understand this we essential explore somewhat of jack ups in the flesh(predicate) issues. A issue concerning Kerouac that is very a great piling eluded to but never really spoken somewhat in On The Road is his possible homoeroticism. While gob never actually came out crockedly his sexuality, his close friends would often witness dumps participation in fadeless rounds of sex with both(prenominal) men and women(Nicosia 102). Kerouacs homosexual tendencies caused an preponderant psychological difference of opinion: Kerouac was sprightly but despised homosexuals. Jack talked incessantly about all the big old fags he knew(Nicosia 493). Even though Kerouac would have homosexual enco unters, he mat up a private guilt over his homosexua! l feelings. In an endeavor to ease his guilt Jack would denounce crotchet, say that gay sex is non in my line(Nicosia 142). Jack was plain sheepish of his homosexual experiences and fought all his life against the pass judgment anomalous(Nicosia 154). In 1945, he wrote a letter to on the wholeen Ginsberg trying to resolve the issue of his possible homosexuality. He stated that the sottish aspects of gay sex were disgusting; and though the desire for it index exist in his subconscious, there was no way of set out that for sure(Nicosia 142). His apologetic tone in the letter showed that castigate though Kerouac wasnt entirely sure of his sexual identity, he still felt guilty that the mere thought of homosexuality had entered his feelings. This persistent guilt for his constant homosexual needs at long last affected his ability to sustain close relationships. Kerouacs sad ability to maintain relationships is evident through out his life as well as in On The Road. All t hrough the novel, Kerouac along with Cassady, would always be chasing down one girl or trying to make another. This very much mirrored his real life where Kerouac conjoin three times. Jacks first wife, Frankie Edith Parker, ended the hook up with because of jacks relentless adultery. Kerouacs next married couple was to Joan Haverty Kerouac, who eventually ended the marriage saying they had made a commitment to the marriage but not to each other(Charters 357). His third and closing wife was Stella Sampas Kerouac, who was told by Jack on his death bed, Stella, I love you for only the second time since they had been married. The fact that Jack couldnt commit himself to one woman at a time shows his insecurity and disbelief towards his sexuality. This uncertainty shows that Jack is obviously unsure about himself. It may just be that all of Kerouacs running and bingeing throughout the country was actually an dispatch to find himself. All his life he may not have been escaping but rather discovering. Kerouac take to see the way the! rest of America was in an attack to find what he was.The human experience is about self-discovery. It is a universal melodic theme which Kerouac draws upon in his classic beat work On the Road , Kerouac simply recorded this pilgrimage at a turn of events point in America. Bibliography Nicosia, Gerald. storehouse Babe: A precise Biography of Jack Kerouac. new-made York: Grove Press Inc., 1983. Charters, Ann. Kerouac: A Biography. San Francisco: Straight Arrow Books, 1973. Cassady, Carolyn. get rid of The Road: My Years With Cassady, Kerouac and Ginsberg. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1990. Zeleny, Robert O. The World Book Encyclopedia:Volume A. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1988 Kerouac, Jack. On The Road. New York: Viking Press, 1958. address: 1015 If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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