Tuesday, October 8, 2013

History And Philosophy Of Psychology Essay

History and Philosophy of PsychologyAbstractThis essay answers the following two inflate question : Critic tot everyyy realize the admit that uniform system of legitimate systemal favorableness and cordial constructionism argon interchangeable in some burning(prenominal) respects . If they atomic number 18 comparable , what are the consequences of this for psychological science s rising as a scientific match Conclusions are displace found on query doneHistory and Philosophy of PsychologyCritically examine the claim that logical profitableness and social constructionism are similar in some important respectsLogical positivity descriptionLogical positivism holds that doctrine should point to the akin sort of HYPERLINK http /encyclopedia .laborlawtalk .com /Rigor ghastliness as science and that it should provide strict criteria for judging sentences ordinate , false and centreless (Dictionary .Labourtalk .com 2005Logical positivism made use of exemplary logic , endorsed the verifiability principle as a criterion of meaning and capacious importance to the analysis of language of meaning . Philosophers in this sequence (1920 - 1936 ) included Schlick , Reichenbach and Carnap . Logical positivism was born from positivism , and preceded logical empiricism post positivism and post modernismSocial constructionism definitionSocial constructionism is defined as the view that the phenomena of the social and cultural world and their meanings are created in human social interaction . Taken come on , social constructionism can be applied to social query itself . The approach often , though non exclusively , draws on dreamer philosophical orientations (Seale , C 2004 ) The idealist seeks a lull , comfort , kindred universe (Stove , 1991SimilaritiesThe received view is that logical positivism and social constructionism are a! nti-thetical . However , because they are homogeneous in some important regards , this received view is not an entire one - the following three similarities can be hit between the two disciplines Firstly , logical positivism exponents Schlick and Carnap gulf what is known and experienced from scientific knowledge . The consequence of extra-mental public is in their eyes not possible .
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withal , social constructionism draws a distinction between what is known and what is experiencedSecondly , logical positivism lengthens the doctrine of conventionalism from the commonly accepted principles of geometry to logic , mathe matics and some theoretical propositions . Social constructionism , albeit unwittingly , does the same to all propositions of scienceThirdly , Wittgenstein s `meaning as use thesis is drawn upon in both disciplines - in logical positivism , it is utilize with Schlick s afterwards defense of the verifiability principle and operationism , and in social constructionism it is invoked to confirm claims that all meanings of scientific enclosures are derived from the context of its usageIf they are similar , what are the consequences of this for psychology s future as a scientific disciplineThe Concise Oxford Dictionary (Fowler and Fowler , 1976 ) gives us the following definition of the term psychology : It is the science of the nature , functions and phenomena of the human thought or mind and the treatise on , or the system of this . Because it is based on a science psychology is therefore a scientific discipline . By nature , a scientific discipline develops in stages and is i nfluenced by the beliefs and thoughts of it s exponen! ts at any given...If you neediness to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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